Just as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on account of race, it also prohibits discrimination based on national origin. Sometimes, these two forms of discrimination can coincide with each other. National origin discrimination in employment matters usually happens when an employee or applicant is treated unfairly based on their country, region, or state of origin. Furthermore, this category of discrimination can also occur when an employer discriminates an employee based on their ethnicity or perceived ethnicity. For example, an employee may identify as Greek, but if the employer treated that employee differently based on the perception that the individual looked Italian and was a part of the Italian mafia, that too, may in some cases qualify as national origin discrimination. The law protects employees irrespective of whether the victim of discrimination and the discriminator are of or perceived to be the same national origin.