While sex and gender discrimination can come in the form of sexual harassment; this particular form of discrimination can also arise separate and apart from sexual harassment. Sex and/or gender discrimination arises when one or more employees are treated differently than similarly situated colleagues based on their sex/gender. For example, a company may provide certain tangible benefits to only male employees, while ostracizing female employees. To that effect, the Equal Pay Act requires United States employees to provide equal pay to employees that work in equally situated jobs irrespective of their gender. The Act is broadly defined and can include a number of different benefits that the employee is supposed to receive.